What is Taekwondo/TaeKwonDo/Taekwon-Do? Literally it means and is broken down “Tae” means “foot,” “leg,” or “to step on”; “Kwon” means “fist,” or “fight”; and “Do” means the “way” or “discipline.” Even tough in the Korean language is one word here in the U.S.A. and other English languages it is broken into three syllables.
Knowing what Taekwondo is also knowing what Korean is. Korea is placed between China and Japan with a rich and bloody history of invasions and occupations from both countries. Along with occupations come mixture of culture, language, and other ways of life. This knowledge was taken at freely and forced upon Korea’s people both to have benefits and negative effects.
As we are speaking about Taekwondo we learn throughout Korean’s vast history that Taekwondo has roots in KungFu (Chinese Fighting Arts) and Karate (Japanese Fighting Arts). This came with over 3000 years of evolution or melding of these arts. The last and latest from Japans’ occupation, 1910-1945. The only way in which to practice martial arts in Korean at this time was either in private and never spoke of or by learning Japanese style Karate in Japan and being certified through their fight system to teach in Korea. Why… the Japanese were ruthless and would kill anyone with knowledge of fight arts or displaying it.
Today the Korean people have made Taekwondo and shared throughout the world their art form. Taekwondo is a fighting art which is widely known for kicking abilities namely it’s, jumping kicks, spinning kick, jump spinning kicks. Even though like any other Asian fighting art it teaches hand blocks and strikes along with kicks. Taekwondo from South Korea has been an official Olympic sport since being a demonstration event at the 1988 games in Seoul and in 2000 became a full sport in the Olympic games.
Taekwondo is usually taught in schools or clubs to students through
Forms/Poomse a series of patterned movements
Self-Defense/Hosinsul joint locks and manipulation
Hand and Foot Techniques/ Son/sol/Bal/Apchuck
Falling and rolling
Belt Test examination
THE 5 TENETS OF TAE KWON DO
COURTESY – Respectful, considerate to all mankind equally and excellence of manners or social conduct; polite behavior.
INTEGRITY – all virtues encased into one word above all honesty.
PERSEVERANCE – Unyielding, adhering to a course of action.
SELF-CONTROL – ability to control ones emotions, behavior, desires by one’s own will.
INDOMITABLE SPIRIT – To endure rigors of life/sport. Pushes on, is not easily subdued or overcome.